How Do We Believe In The Last Day?
Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 33 | Size: 1 MB
This booklet is part of the Arabic book ‘Sharh Hadeeth Jibra’eel’ by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen
“Faith in the Last Day is to believe that mankind will be resurrected and recompensed for their deeds.
It is to believe in everything that has come to us in the Book and the Sunnah concerning the description of that Day.
Allah has vividly described that Day such as the following verse:
يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱتَّقُواْ رَبَّڪُمۡۚ إِنَّ زَلۡزَلَةَ ٱلسَّاعَةِ شَىۡءٌ عَظِيمٌ۬ – يَوۡمَ تَرَوۡنَهَا تَذۡهَلُ ڪُلُّ مُرۡضِعَةٍ عَمَّآ أَرۡضَعَتۡ وَتَضَعُ ڪُلُّ ذَاتِ حَمۡلٍ حَمۡلَهَا وَتَرَى ٱلنَّاسَ سُكَـٰرَىٰ وَمَا هُم بِسُكَـٰرَىٰ وَلَـٰكِنَّ عَذَابَ ٱللَّهِ شَدِيدٌ۬
“O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgment) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state. Yet they will not be drunk but severe will be the Torment of Allah.” [Soorah al-Hajj (22): 1-2]
There are numerous descriptions of the Last Day in the Quran and the Sunnah that testify to the horror and terrible nature of this Day.
Faith in the Last Day is not limited to believing in the Day that will be established after resurrection, as Shaikhul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) writes in Aqeedah al-Wastiyyah, “Faith in the Last Day includes believing in everything that the Messenger has informed us about that will happen after death.”
The first stage after death is the fitnah of the grave. The people will face trial or will be tested in their graves regardless of whether one is buried in the ground or is thrown in the sea or is eaten by a lion or (his ashes are) dispersed in the wind. He will face this fitnah and he will be asked about three matters;
a) Who is your Lord?
b) What is your Religion?
c) Who is your Prophet?
A believer will reply, ‘My Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Muhammad .’ Then a caller will call from the heavens thatmyslave has spoken the truth. His gravewill then bewidened for him as far as his eyes can see. It will be furnished with furnishings from Paradise. A door will be opened into Paradise through which will come its fragrance and blessings. This condition is without doubt more complete than his condition in the world.
A disbeliever or hypocrite will say upon being asked about his Lord, Religion and Prophet, ‘Oh, Oh, I don’t know. I heard the people say something and I said it.’
Reflect upon what, ‘Oh, Oh,’ means. It indicates that the slave recollects something, tries to recall it but is unable to remember.
One’s inability to recall is more distressing than being completely unaware. If you are asked about something and you are unaware of it, you will say, ‘I don’t know.’ This is without doubt deficiency but it does not cause grief – but if you are asked about something and you knew it but you are incapable of recalling it – this causes grief. So the disbeliever will say, ‘Oh, Oh.’ – as if he remembers something – “I don’t know. I heard the people say something and I said it.”
The disbeliever will then be hit with a large iron hammer whereupon he will let out a scream the sound of which will be heard by everything except the jinn and mankind – because if they were to hear it, they would be struck dumb. It is narrated that if all the people of a city like Mina were to gather together to carry this hammer, they would not be able to.
It is obligatory to believe in the Fitnah of the grave because believing in it is part of faith in the Last Day.
Man either has stages or is nothing
How do we believe in the Last Day?
1. Fitnah of the Grave
2. Punishment of the Grave and its Blessings
Is the Torment in the grave for the body or the soul?
Man might be dead, (his body) might be eaten by a lion. So, how will
the resurrection take place?
4. Closeness of the sun to the creation
How is it possible that the sun will be as close as a ‘meel’ to the creation on the Day of Judgment?
5. Accounting the people for their deeds
Will there be anyone who will escape the account?
6. The Balance
How will the deeds be weighted since they are attributes and actions
of the doers?
Is there one scale or many?
7. Distribution of the Books
8. al-Hawdh (the Cistern)
The Conditions of Shafa’ah
10. The Siraat
11. Entrance into Paradise or Hell
Are Paradise and Hell present today?
Are Paradise and Hell eternal?