The Day Of Resurrection (Tafseer Soorah An-Nabaa)
Shawana A. Aziz
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 129 | Size: 5 MB
Belief in the Day of Resurrection gives meaning and purpose to our brief stay in this transient world. It is the believer’s goal to win the Pleasure of His Lord by worshiping Him alone, fulfilling His Commands and refraining from His Prohibition during his worldly life-span. On the Day of Judgment, his fate will be decided in accordance with his record of deeds; he who fulfills his obligations will be rewarded with eternal bliss in Paradise, and he, who fails to be a believer will be doomed to eternal Hell-Fire.
Those who reject the idea of being brought back to life are unable to understand the reality of this life and are ever confused about what lies beyond death. In their bewilderment, they concoct mysterious stories about what, if anything, happens to the soul after death.
Those who reject resurrection also cannot explain why certain things happen like, birth and death, why some people suffer while others commit the most heinous crimes against humanity and go unpunished?
Such uncertainty in belief causes misery in life. Self-indulgence overwhelms man and he races against time to achieve physical pleasures – by hook or by crook – for fear that his time will come to an end before he can enjoy life’s pleasures. Destructive behavior and immoral attitudes take the lead because disbelief in resurrection makes following any moral principle worthless. Man becomes inconsiderate of his fellow men. Consequently, the whole society suffers from chaos, greed, transgressions and intolerance.
On the other hand, a believer in resurrection focuses on his ultimate goal and does not let trivial pleasures of the world distract him. He is always satisfied with little provision and his soul is free from cravings and greed because he knows that what is in store for him in the Hereafter is much more than this world can offer. The Prophet (sallallahu aaihe wa-sallam) said, “The world is a prison for the believer and a paradise for the disbeliever.” [Saheeh Muslim]
A believer’s certainty of faith provides him with all the answers he needs to live a serene life; he understands the purpose of life and death, struggle and trial.
He is solicitous in his attitude and behavior with others and refrains from any sort of transgression. It does not upset him if he does not receive his due in this world or is treated unjustly because he is well-aware that this world is not the final place for judgment, rewards and punishments. He is certain that the time will come for all matters to be settled justly and that time is the Day of Judgement. Reckoning thus brings comfort and solace to the heart of a believer, and peace and tranquility to society as a whole.
Soorah an-Naba was revealed in response to the Arab pagan’s denial of the Day of Resurrection. It thus contains proofs of Allah’s Ability to resurrect His creation, proofs that we witness in our day to day lives!
Soorah an-Naba describes how this great event will take place and how the ambiance of the earth will quickly change into an atmosphere that will cause terror in the hearts of the people. The Soorah depicts the evil abode of the disbelievers and their crimes. It also illustrates the rewards and blessings the believers will receive from their Lord on the Day of Judgment. It further describes the great events of that Day; the intercessions, reckoning and weighing of the deeds in the balance. The Soorah contains admonitions and glad tidings for those who take heed.
With the intent of making the Tafseer of this Soorah comprehensively beneficial for the reader, various famous Arabic Tafaseer (pl. of Tafseer) and original Arabic books about the subject were referred to.
From amongst them are; Tafseer al-Qur’aan al-Adheem of Shaikh Salih al-Uthaimeen, Adwaul-Bayan of Imam Shanqitee, Tafseer Ibn Katheer of Hafidh Ibn Katheer, Fathul-Baree, Jamee al-Uloom wal-Hikam and Sharh Muslim by an-Nawawi, Sharah Usool al-Imaan of Shaikh Salih al-Uthaimeen, Al-Eeman bil-Malaaikah wa-Athruhu fi-Hayatil-Ummah and Aqeedah at-Tawheed by Shaikh Salih ibn Fawzan al-Fawzan and others.
May Allah accept all sincere efforts and all success lies with Him Alone.
Shawana A. Aziz
Tafseer verses 1-5
“What are they asking about? About the great news. About which they are in disagreement. Nay, they will come to know! Nay, again, they will come to know!”
Tafseer verses 6-16
“Have We not made the earth as a bed, And the mountains as pegs? And We have created you in pairs. And We have made your sleep as a thing for rest. And have made the night as a covering, And have made the day for livelihood. And We have built above you seven strong (heavens), And have made (therein) a shining lamp (sun). And have sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water. That We may produce there with corn and vegetation, And gardens of thick growth.”
Four Proofs of Resurrection
Tafseer verses 17-18
“Verily, the Day of Decision is a fixed time. The Day when the Sur will be blown and you shall come forth in crowds (groups);” The knowledge of the onset of the Hour is a matter of Ghayb (unseen) due to great Wisdom.
Tafseer verses 19-20
“And the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates.
And the mountains shall be moved away from their places and
they will be as if they were a mirage.”
Other Horrors of the Great Day
The believer’s responsibility with regards to reports of the unseen is to accept and submit to them without questioning
Tafseer verses 21-26
“Truly, Jahannam is a place of ambush. A dwelling place for
the Taghoon. They will abide therein for Ahqab, nothing cool
shall they taste therein, nor any drink. Except Hamim
(boiling water), and Ghassaq (dirty wound discharges). An
Food and drink of the people of Hell
Physical bodies of the people of Hell-Fire
Intense Fire of Hell
Tafseer verses 27-30
“For verily, they used not to look for a reckoning. But they belied Our Ayat completely. And all things We have recorded in a Book. So taste you (the results of your evil actions); no increase shall We give you, except in torment.” Allah has fixed the number of the Guardian Angels 19 as a trial for the disbelievers
Sins that will lead the believers to Hell-Fire
Tafseer verses 31-36
“Verily, for the Muttaqoon, there will be a Mafazah, Gardens and grape yards; And Kawaib Atraba; And a full cup. No Laghw shall they hear therein, nor lying; A reward from your Lord, Ataa-an Hisaba.”
Description of the people of Paradise
Tafseer verses 37-38
“The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and whatsoever is in between them, the Most Beneficent. None can dare to speak with Him. The Day that Ar-Ruh and the angels will stand forth in rows, they will not speak except him whom Ar- Rahman allows, and he will speak what is right.” The Two Types of Intercessions
Tafseer verses 39-40
“That is without doubt the True Day. So, whosoever wills, let him seek a place with His Lord! Verily, We have warned you of a near torment. the Day when man will see that which his hands have sent forth. And the disbeliever will say, Woe to me! Would that I were dust.” People will have different kinds of reckoning according to their books of deeds
Reckoning of the disbelievers
The Recompense for every minute deed
On the Day of Judgment, people will be held accountable for every major and minor deed performed in this world, foremost of them are:
The Unforgivable Sin: Shirk
No one will be responsible for the sin of another
Will the sins of the Muslims be placed on the disbelievers of the People of the Book?