Patience &Gratitude

Patience & Gratitude

Ibn al Qayyim al Jawziyyah | Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 49 | Size: 1 MB
Patience & Gratitude: This is an abridged translation of Uddat as-Sabrin wa dhakhirat ash-shakrin by Ibn Qayyim. The author explains the Islamic concept of sabr (patience) and its counter part shakr (gratitude), in a practical fashion.

Sham Al-din Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr, Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya. He was born in a small farming village near Damascus, Syria in 691 A.H/.1292 C.E, and he studied under his father who was the local attendant (qayyim) of al-Jawziyya school. Later on, he pursued his quest for knowledge at the hands of renowned masters and scholars of his epoch, as well as he studied the works and teachings of sufi masters known in his time. His schooling centered around Islamic jurisprudence, theology, and the science of prophetic traditions. In the year 712/ 1312 at the age of 21 he joined the study circle of Imam Ibn Taimiyyah who kept him in his company as his closest student and disciple, who later on became his successor. Ibn al-Qayyim was fervent in his devotion to his teacher, and he was an excellent student and disciple of the great Muslim scholar Imam Taqiyyu-Deen Ahmad Ibn Taimiyyah. He defended his religious opinions and approaches, and he compiled and edited most of his works, and taught the same. Because of their perception and opinions, both the teacher and the student were unjustly persecuted, tortured, and humiliated in public by the local authorities then, and they were imprisoned in a single cell, while other disciples were kept separate in the central prison of Damascus, still known to-date as al-Qal‘a. Among the imprisoned scholars, there also was a young man named Ibn Kathïr who later on became as the most renowned Muslim scholar and compiler of the most comprehensive Qur’anic commentaries ‘Tafsïr Ibn Kathïr.’ Upon the death of Imam Ibn Taimiyyah, the disciples were set free from prison, and Imam Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya furthered his studies, and held study circles and classes for his own students. Ibn Jawziyya taught Islamic Jurisprudence at al-Sadriyya school, in Damascus, before he held the position of the Imam of the Jawziyya school for a long period. Most of his writings were compilations, although he authored several books himself, and manuscripts with his own handwriting are preserved today in the central Library of Damascus. In fact, it was considered an honor and a privilege to study in his circle. Among the renowned Muslim scholars who studied under him, we mention Ibn ‘Abd al-Hãdï and Ibn Rajab and others who oft-frequented his circles, and sought his company, such as Imam Ibn Kathïr. Most scholars of the time have acknowledged the author’s excellence, and profound knowledge of Qur’anic interpretation, commentaries on the prophetic traditions, and theology. His extensive knowledge and understanding of Qur’anic commentaries surpassed even some renowned theologians in Islamic history. Ibn Kathïr spoke of him in his book ‘Al-Bidãya wa-’Nihãya, saying: “He was most friendly and kindhearted, he never envied anyone, he never caused harm to anyone, he never bore prejudice against anyone, and I was the closest to his heart. Furthermore, I do not know anyone who is more devout in his worship than him in our time.” A similar opinion also was quoted by Ibn Hijr. Ibn al-Qayyim catered to all the branches of Islamic science, and was particularly known and commended for his commentaries. Al-Hãfiz Ibn Rajab spoke of his teacher, saying: “He was an accomplished scholar of Islamic science, and no one could rival him in his deep understanding of the Qur’an and prophetic saying, and his interpretations were unique in accuracy.” Ibn Rajab narrated that his teacher Imam Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyya learned the science of prophetic sayings (Hadïth) from al-Shahãb al-Nãbulsi, Qãdhï Taqiyyu-Deen Sulaimãn, and Fãtima Bint Jawhar, among others. During his early student life, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim sought the company of most shaikhs of his period, and he was particularly proficient in interpreting the Hanbali Muslims.

Contents:

Translator’s Introduction
Translator’s Note
Author’s Prologue

Chapter 1: The Definition of Patience

· What scholars have said about patience
· Is it better to have patience at a time of difficulty, or to be in a situation that does not require patience
· Patience and Shakwah (complaint)
· Opposing forces
· Further definition of patience
· Is it possible to obtain the quality of patience?

Chapter 2: Different perspectives on patience

· Different degrees of patience
· The patience of men and the patience of animals
· The patience of jinn
· The patience of angels
· The patience of man
· Different degrees of patience
· Different strengths of patience
· When patience is needed
· Patience in worshipping Allâh
· Patience in abstaining from wrong action
· Patience at times of trial and adversity

Chapter 3: Five categories of patience

· Obligatory patience (wâjib)
· Encouraged patience (mundûb)
· Forbidden patience (mahdhûr)
· Disliked patience (makrûh)
· Permissible patience (mubâh)

Chapter 4: Good patience and bad patience

· Emulating the attributes of Allâh
· No contradiction between patience and complaining to Allâh

Chapter 5: The patience of noble people and the patience of ignoble people

Chapter 6: Ways of strengthening patience

· Knowledge
· Action
· Strengthening the motive of reason and religion

Chapter 7: Man cannot do without patience

· Patience at a time of adversity is easier than at a time of ease
· Patience in worship
· Patience in abstaining from committing wrong actions
· Patience in adversity and in situations beyond man’s control
· Patience in situations which are started by choice, but whose consequences get out of hand

Chapter 8: What is the most difficult type of patience?

· Patience in abstaining from wrong actions of speech and sexual wrong actions

Chapter 9: Patience in the Qur’ân

Chapter 10: Ahâdîth about patience

· Patience at the time of sickness

Chapter 11: Sahâbah on the virtues of patience

· The story of ‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr
· Beautiful patience (sabr jamîl – Yûsuf 12:83) and panic

Chapter 12: Patience at the time of bereavement

· Eulogizing and wailing
· Saying a few words
· The deceased person suffers because of the people’s wailing for him

Chapter 13: Patience is half of Îmân

Chapter 14: Patience and loving Allâh

· Patience for the sake of Allâh, by the help of Allâh and in accepting the decree of Allâh
· Different degrees of patience

Chapter 15: Gratitude in the Qur’ân

· The rewards of gratitude
· Iblîs and gratitude
· Gratitude and ‘ibâdah

Chapter 16: Ahâdîth on gratitude

Chapter 17: The Sahâbah and Tabi‘în on gratitude

· Gratitude of different faculties
· Prostration of gratitude
· All the good deeds of man cannot pay for one blessing of Allâh

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