Islamic History

Islamic History

the origin of humans


ordered an angel to gather a handful of every soil on earth: what is white, what
is black, what is red, and what is yellow; including what is soft, what is firm,
and what is in between them.

Since Adam was created from a mixture of
all those different types of soil, his offspring (7) differed.

Adam ‘s offspring, you would find the white, the black, the red, and the yellow.
Also among them you would find those who are easy, those who difficult, and
those who are in-between

The Creation of Adam An
angel then took the soil into Paradise and mixed it with Water from Paradise
until it became clay. Allah formed the shape of Adam from that clay. After a
period of time the shapes became dry.

Then the soul was blown into Adam
and he spoke. The first thing he said was, “Praise be to Allah” (Al-Hamdu

Allah, the Exalted, created the knowledge and the belief in
Adam as soon as the soul was blown into him. Therefore, Adam knew that he had a
Lord who created him and Adam knew the names of things.

He knew that his
Lord “Allah” is the one who deserves to be worshipped and no one else deserves
to be worshipped.

The Creation of Hawwa’ (Eve)
Allah, The Exalted, created Hawwa’ (Eve) from the
shortest left rib of Adam.

Them Adam and Hawwa’ had many offspring.

Allah the Exalted said:

al-‘A^raf, Ayah 189 means: [Allah created you from one person (Prophet Adam) and
created his wife (Hawwa’) from him.]

Characteristics of Adam and Hawwa
Allah, the Exalted, created Hawwa’ from Adam’s rib. He
did not create her as a child.

He created her tall–suitable for the
height of Adam. Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^ alayhi wa sallam , informed us
that Adam, may peace be upon him, was sixty cubits in height and seven cubits in

A dam and Hawwa’ lived in Paradise for a period of time. Then
they were taken out of Paradise and brought down to earth.

Adam is the First of the Prophets
Allah, the Exalted, sent the Messengers as a mercy for
His slaves. He made it obligatory to obey them.

The first of the
Messengers was Adam, may peace be upon him.

Allah created in Adam the
knowledge of how to plant wheat, how to make dresses, and how to make money from
gold and silver.

The Offspring of Adam Since
at the time there were no other humans, Allah, the Exalted, created Hawwa’ for
Adam to marry. After a time, they were brought down to earth, and Adam received
the Revelation. He became a Prophet who called for Islam.

Adam lived for
1,000 years and then died. When he died, his offspring remained Muslim and did
not worship the sun, nor the moon, nor anything other than Allah. They remained
that way for a long time–without blasphemy and without associating partners
with Allah.

Our Master Shith Adam (may
peace be upon him) lived as a Muslim, as did Hawwa’. They worshipped Allah, the
Exalted, and did not worship other than Him. Their children lived as Muslims.
After Adam died, Shith received the Revelation of prophethood. Shith was Adam’s
son. All the humans were Muslim throughout Shith’s life.

After Shith
died, another Prophet was revealed whose name was ldris. He lived a long time
teaching the people the Religion of Islam.

Our Master ldris Idris (may
peace be upon him) is one of the honored messengers whom Allah mentioned in the
Qur’an. Alla h mentioned Prophet ldris in Surat Maryam, A yahs 57-58. Allah, the
Exalted, said:

Ayah mentions that Idris was a trustworthy prophet and had a very high status.

It is obligatory to believe in Idr is. This means that it is an
obligation to believe that he was a prophet and a messenger of Allah.

Idr is was the son of Yarid, who was the son of Mahla’il. His lineage
goes back to Shith, the son of Adam. Idris is among the forefathers of Prophet
Nuh, may peace be upon him.

The Life History of Idris
Idris was the third Prophet. He came after Adam and
Shith (may peace be upon them).

Idris was the first to write with a pen.
Fifty Books were revealed to him.

He was born in Babylon, a city in Iraq.
Before he received the Revelation, he followed the rules revealed to Prophet
Shith, the son of Adam.

When Idris grew older, Allah bestowed
Prophethood on him. During his lifetime all the people were Muslim; no one
associated partners with Allah.

Idris in Egypt Afterwards,
our Master Idris left his hometown of Babylon because a great number of his
people committed many sins even after he told them not to do so. Some of the
Muslims left with Prophet Idris. It was hard for them to leave their home.

They asked Prophet Idris: “If we leave Babylon, where will we find a
place like it?” Prophet Idris said: “If we immigrate for the sake of Allah, He
will provide for us.”

So the people went with Prophet Idris and they
reached the land of Egypt. They saw the Nile River. Our Master Idris stood at
its bank and mentioned Allah, the Exalted, by saying: “Subhanallah.”

The High Status Of Idris
Idris and those who were with him stayed in Egypt
calling the people to follow the rules of the Religion, in the acts of worship
and the dealings.

Our Master Idris (may peace be upon him) lived a
period of time and then he died. He had a high status to Allah, as Allah said:

Maryam, A yah 57 means: [We raised his status high.]

Idris gave
preachments and had good manners. He called the people to worship the Creator
alone, as did all of the Prophets

The Call of Idris Idris
called the people to the Religion of Allah, Islam. He called the people to save
themselves from the torture in the Hereafter by worshipping the Creator and by
doing good deeds in this world.

He ordered the people to pray, fast, pay
zakat and he forbade all intoxicating drinks.

It was said that during
his time seventy-two (72) different languages were spoken.

The Cities of Idris Idris
(may peace be upon him) was the first to draw for his own people the rules of
designing cities.

Every group of the nation of Prophet Idris built
cities in their lands.

During Prophet Idri s’ time, eighty-eight (88)
cities were built.

Prophet Idris was famous for his wisdom. Among his
wise statements is: “Patience,4 along with belief, leads to success.”

Apostasy and Blasphemy
After Prophet Idris died, Iblis appeared to the
people in the shape of a man. He whispered to them to build five statues of five
pious men who had died so that they would always remember them. Some people made
the statues of those five pious men.

After a long period of time, Iblis
whispered to them to blaspheme and worship these statues. Some of the people
followed him.

Apostasy and Blasphemy (2)
Sometime after the death of Idr is, ignorance spread
among the people.

There was no Prophet among the people at that time.
Iblis appeared to the people and told them: “Worship those five statues.” The
people worshipped5 those statues and as a result, became blasphemers.

23 of Surat Nuh states the names of the five pious Muslims the people made
statues of and worshipped. The names of those five pious Muslims were: Wadd,
Suwa^, Yaghuth, Ya^uq, and Nasr.

Our Master Nuh After
blasphemy had spread on earth, Allah sent a Prophet named Nuh, (may peace be
upon him). He started calling the people to Isl am; to worship only Allah and
not to associate partners with Him.

The period between Idris and Nuh was
one thousand years.

Our master Nuh moved among the people telling them:
“0 you people leave out that which you worship other than Allah: Worship Allah
alone. Leave out worshipping those five statues and worship Allah alone.”

Our master Nuh, (may peace be upon him), was the first Messenger sent to
the blasphemers, to call them to worship Allah alone.

Nuh’s Ark (1) For 950 years
our master Nuh, may peace be upon him, moved among the people telling them to
worship Allah alone. Most of them belied him, mocked him, and harmed him.

Then Allah revealed to him that no one else among his people would
become believers. Those who believed already were about eighty-three (83)

Nuh started making supplication to Allah against them, saying:

Nuh Ayah 26 means: [0 Allah, do not leave any of the kuffar alive on earth.]

Nuh’s Ark (2) Allah
revealed to Nuh to build an ark, and Allah revealed how to build it. Nuh built
the ark, then went on it. His three children who were believers went with him.
Each one of them had his wife with him. People who believed in him from other
than his relatives also went on the ark.

On the ark Nuh took a pair of
each kind of animal: cows, sheep, and other than that. Allah ordered the earth
to spring up its water and the sky to bring down its water. The water of the sky
and the water of the earth both joined and the water covered the earth. The ark
and those on it survived.

Mount Al-Judiyy Allah, the
Exalted, drowned all the humans who had belied Prophet Nuh and remained
worshipping the idols.

Then the earth stopped its water from springing
forth and the sky held its rain from falling down. After a while, the earth
became as dry as it had been before the flood.

The ark landed on a
mountain near the city of Mousil in Iraq. This mountain is called al-Judiyy.
Prophet Nuh and those with him came down from the ark on to earth.

The Offspring of Nuh’s Children
The ark landed on al-Ju diyy, and Prophet Nuh and those
with him went on land once again.

Of those who went out of the ark, none
had children–except for Sam, Ham, and Yafith — the three sons of Nuh. Those
three had children and from them the humans spread: the Arabs, Romans, Indians,
Africans and others. All people on earth today are offspring of Nuh’s three
Muslim sons.

Our Master Hud A long
period of time after Prophet Nuh , some people started to associate partners
with Allah and worship other than Allah. Allah sent a Prophet among the Arabs
who was in Yaman. His name was Hud.

Prophet Hud started calling the
people to Islam, telling them: “0 people, worship Allah alone and leave out that
which you worship other than Allah.” Some believed in him and others belied him.

The Story of the People of Hud
Some people believed in Hu d, may peace be upon him and
others belied him, so Allah destroyed them with the wind. .

Allah, the
Exalted, directed a strong wind on them for seven nights and eight days. The
wind blew them in the air and dropped them down on earth with their heads
separated from their bodies. All people of ^Ad6 died– except for the believers.

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