The Rites of Hajj, Umrah & Visiting The Prophet’s Mosque (In brief)

The Rites of
Hajj, Umrah & Visiting
The Prophet’s Mosque (In
brief)

Compiled & Translated by:
Mohammad Y.
Al-Ta’ani

Some Virtues of Hajj and Umrah

  • The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Umrah is an
    expiation for the time between it and the previous ‘Umrah’ and an accepted Hajj
    has no less a reward than Paradise”. (Narrated by al-Bukhari 1683, Muslim
    1349).

  • The Prophet (pbuh) said: “He who performs
    Hajj and does not speak obscenely or commit evil then he returns just as the day
    his mother gave birth to him” (Narrated by Bukhaari, Ahmed, Nasai and Ibn Majah
    from Abu Hurairah).

  • The Prophet (pbuh) said: “There is no day
    on which Allah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of Arafah.”
    (Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin).

  • The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked
    which deed is the best? He said, “Belief in Allah and His messengers. He was
    asked, then what? He said, Jihad for the sake of Allah. He was asked, then what?
    He said, Hajj Mabrour (an accepted Hajj).” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari
    26).

Types (Nusuk) of Hajj are
Three:

  1. Hajj Ifrad: The pilgrim
    pronounces intention to perform only Hajj.
  2. Hajj Qiran: The pilgrim
    pronounces niyyah (intention) of performing both Hajj and Umrah simultaneously
    with the same Ihram and actions like Tawaaf and others. Or the pilgrim
    pronounces Umrah first then adds intention of Hajj on it before starting Tawaaf.
    Actions to be done by Mufrid and Qarin are the same, but Qarin is under an
    obligation to offer an animal sacrifice while Mufrid is under no obligation to
    do so.
  3. Hajj Tamattu: The pilgrim
    pronounces intention to perform only Umrah during the Hajj months (Sahwwal,
    Dhul-Qidah and the first eight days of Dhul-Hejjah). The pilgrim performs Umrah
    and then abandons Ihram after Umrah. And all which was unlawful in the state of
    Ihram is now lawful such as usual garments and intercourse with the spouse until
    the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah arrives. On this day, the pilgrim pronounces intention
    from the place of residence in Makkah for the performance of the rites of
    Hajj.
    (This type is the most recommended).

Method of Hajj

1-Start it From Al Meeqat:

  1. (For a man): Take off all the stitched
    garments to have a bath as you would do after sexual intercourse and perfume
    your head and beard with the best oil you can find –there is no harm in what
    remains of it after Ihram. Don’t perfume the Ihram garments.

  2. Wear yourself from below the chest with
    white fabric (izar) and drape another piece over your two shoulders (ridaa)
    except in every Tawaaf, the right shoulder should be exposed.

  3. (For a woman): Ihram is her customary
    stitched garments. She avoids wearing perfume or the type of dress which
    attracts attention. She isn’t abiden by a certain color.
    Pray the prescribed
    prayer if its stated time is on. And then offer two Rakats (Units) of prayer as
    a Sunnah act of Ihram. (There is no harm if you don’t pray it).

    Then if
    you ride the car, intend the Nusuk and then say according to your Nusuk:
    1-
    If you want to perform Umrah only, you say: “Labbaika Umrah” which means: I
    intend to perform Umrah”.
    2- If you want to perform Hajj only (Ifrad) you
    say: “Labbaika Hajjan”. Which means: “I intend to perform Hajj”.
    3- If you
    want to perform Hajj and Umrah together in their actions, you say: “Labbaika
    Omratan Mutamattean biha ilal-Hajj” which means: “I intend to perform Hajj and
    Umrah”.
    4- If you want to perform Hajj and Umrah in the actions of Hajj
    (Qiran), you say: “Labbaika Omratan wa Hajjan”.
    There is no need to repeat
    these utterences three times but only one time is enough.

    Notes:
    1. Each Nusuk (type) has
    its own benefit.
    2. There are variances between them in intention, utterances
    and actions.
    3. The best: Tamattu, then Ifrad, then Qiran.
    4. For (Qiran):
    A female pilgrim needs it if she wants her Ihram as Mutamatt’eh and she couldn’t
    accomplish her Umrah incase her menses comes as well as for the one who comes
    late and fears missing standing in Arafat;also, who is detained to enter the
    Holy House for any reason.
    If you fear that anything may detain you from
    completing your rites due to sickness or regulation procedures, you can make
    your intention conditioned in state of Ihram by saying:
    “Allaahumma Mahallee
    Haithu Habastanee”
    which means: “O Allah my place is wherever you prevent
    me”. But if you don’t fear any thing, it is not permitted to make your intention
    conditioned. Its benefit is: If you are prevented by any obstacle, you are
    excused legally to terminate your Ihram and return and you are not charged with
    an expiation.

    Then
    you start Talbiyah:
    “Labbaika Allahumma, Labbaik, Labbaika laa
    shareeka laka labbaik. Innal-Hamda wanni’mata laka wal mulk La shareeka
    lak”.

    Which means: Here I am, O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for
    you, Here I am! Surely, all praise and blessings are for you and dominion is
    Yours. There is no partner for you.

    A man raises his voice when saying it
    and a woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her).

    Saying
    Talbiyah in groups are not permitted and each Muhrim makes Talbiyah alone and
    continues saying it till he/she reaches the Holy House.

    The supplication:
    “Allahumma inni Urid-ul-Umrata fa yassirha li wataqabbalaha mini. Labbaika
    Allahuma labbaik, Labbaika la shareeka laka labbaik, Innal-Hamda wanni’mata laka
    wal mulk, La shareeka lak”.

    Which means: “O Allah, I intend to perform
    Umrah, so make it easy for me” Here I am for Umrah-here I am, oh Allah, here I
    am, there is no partner for you, there I am! Surely, all praise and blessings
    are for you, and dominion is yours. There is no partner for You. And

    “Allahumma inni as’aluka ridhaka wal-Jannata waa’udhu bika min sakhatika
    wan nar”.
    Which means: “O Allah! I beseech You grant me Your pleasure and
    Paradise, and I seek your protection from Your Wrath and Hell-Fire”. Saying such
    specific supplications is not necessary but you can say what you like. Also,
    praying on the prophet (pbuh) is not mentioned in this place.

    It is
    permissible on the way to glorify Allah “Allahu Akbar” whenever you mount a hill
    and praise Allah whenever you descend in a valley.
    Then you return to the
    General Talbiyah “Labbaika Allahumma labbaik”…etc. until you reach the Sacred
    House.

2- Go to the Holy Mosque for
Tawaaf:

  • When you approach the Holy Mosque say: “Allahu
    Akbar”.  
  • Then cease Talbiyah and go to the Sacred
    House.
  • When you enter the Sacred mosque, place your
    right foot and say “Bismillah wasalat wasalam Ala Rasul Allah Allahuma Ighfir Li
    Dhunoobi waftah li Abwaba Rahmateka”. Which means: “In the name of Allah. May
    peace and blessings be upon Rasoolullah, O, Allah! Forgive my sins and open for
    me the gates of Your mercy”. Or: “Aoudhu Biwajhika Al Azeem Wa Sultanika
    Al-Qadeem min Al-Shaytanir rajeem”. Which means: “I seek refuge in Allah the
    Al-mighty, and in His noble countenance and in His eternal power from Satan the
    Rejected”.
  • Then head for the Hajr-Al-Aswad (the sacred Black
    Stone) to start Tawaaf (circling it). Touch it with your right hand and kiss it.
    If you can not kiss it, it is enough to touch it by your hand only. If you can’t
    do so, touch it by a stick or another thing and don’t kiss it. If it is not
    possible, make a sign towards it by your right hand without kissing it.

  • You had better not push Mutamereen (visitors of
    the Holy Mosque) and crowd to get it. Keep the Kaaba on you left side. In the
    meantime, you should drape the upper cloth (Ridaa) over the left shoulder and
    leave right shoulder exposed which is called in Arabic (Idtiba). And say
    whenever you reach the Black Stone:
    “Bismillahe wallahu Akbar”. Or “Allahu
    Akbar” only. Which means: “In the name of Allah and Allah is the Greatest. ” or”
    Allah is the Greatest”.
  • Move quickly in the first three rounds (in case
    it is easy. You may not to do so with the crowd); walk normally in the other
    four. This is for Tawaaf-ul-qudoom only.
    Supplicate and say between the two
    Rukns (al-Rukn Al-Yamani and the Black Stone): “Rabbanaa atina fiddunyaa
    hassanatan wa fil akhirati hassanatan wa qinaa adhaban-naar wa
    adkhilnaal-jannata ma’al abrar, ya’Aziz ya Ghaffar ya Rabbal ‘alamin”. Which
    means: “Our Rabb! Grant us good in this world and hasanah in the Hereafter and
    protect us from the torment of the Fire.

    Each time you pass the Black
    Stone say: “Bismillah wallahu Akbar”. Which means: “In the name of Allah, Allah
    is the Greatest”.

    You can supplicate what you like during the rest of
    Tawaaf. Invoke to Allah or recite some verses of the Holy Quran…etc. There is no
    specific supplication for each round.

  • Having completed the seven rounds, go to Maqam
    Ibrahim (Ibrahim Station) and recite:
    “Wattakhidhu min maqami Ibraheem
    Musalla”

    Which means: “And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of
    worship” and perform two Rakats (units) behind the Maqam (close to it if
    possible or at any place in the mosque). Recite after “Sura al-Fatihah” “Sura
    al-Kafirun”. (say, “O disbelievers”, in the first Rakat (unit) and Surah
    “Al-Fatiha and “Sura al-Ikhlas”: “He is Allah (who is) One” in the second Rakat
    (unit). (There is no harm if you recite other Surahs).

  • Go to Zamzam: Drink from it and praise Allah.
3- Proceed to As Safa for
Sa’yi

  • Ascend to As Safa hill until you face the
    Ka’bah and raise your hands and glorify Allah (three times) and say:
    “Laa
    ilaaha illaallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu-lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu – wa huwa
    ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer. Laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu-anjaza wa’dahu wa
    nasara abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu”. (three times). Which means: “there is
    no God but Allah, He has no partner, Sovereignty belongs to Him and praise too,
    He Fulfilled His promise, Helped His servant and routed the hosts, all
    Alone”.

  • Then recite: “Inna as-safa wal-Marwata min
    sha’airillah faman Hajj-al-baita awi’tamara falajunahha ‘alaihi an-yatawafa
    bihima, waman tatawwa’a khairan fainnallaha Shaakeran ‘Alim.”

    Which
    means: “Behold! Safa and Mahwah are among the symbols of Allah. Whoever visits
    the Sacred House for pilgrimage or Umrah should walk to or fro between them. And
    if anyone obeys his own impulse to good, be sure that Allah is He who recognizes
    and knows” 2: 159. This verse is to be read at the first round only. It is
    preferable to start with before any Dhikr, and you may supplicate to Allah the
    way you like in this place and raise your hands.

  • Then descend towards Marwah till you reach
    the green signpost. Then walk fast till you reach the next green signpost. Then
    walk fast till you reach the next green signpost saying: “Rabbighfir warham
    watajawaz ama ta’alam innaka antal a’azzul akram”

    Which means:
    “O
    Lord forgive and have mercy, verily you are the Most Mighty and Most
    Noble”.
    Walk at a normal pace before and after them. (Walking fast is only
    for men) (women are not permitted to run).
    You may supplicate during Sa’yi
    what you please and there is no specific supplication for each round.
    When
    you reach Marwah, do the same as you did in Safa except for reciting the above
    mentioned Sura. It is to be read at the first round only. Repeat the lap seven
    times.
    (Going from As-Safa to Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap).

4- Shaving or Trimming:

  • Upon completion the hasten (Sa’yi), have your
    head shaved or trimmed but shaving is preferable. If your coming to Makkah is
    very near to Al-Hajj period, in this case trimming is preferable in order to
    shave your head in Hajj. (A woman can cut a finger –tip length of her hair).
  • Remove your Ihram and resume your
    normal life.

    In this way, you have performed full Umrah; if you
    want it separate or you want it for Hajj, in case you are Mutamatte But If you
    are Mufrid for Hajj or Qarin, you intend Tawaf- ul-qudum- it is Sunna- and Sa’yi
    for Hajj – is a fundamental rite-; keep in state of Ihram and don’t remove it.
    Don’t shave or trim till the 8th of Dhul Hijjah to complete the rest of Hajj
    actions.

Actions to be Done on the 8th Day of Dhul
Hejjah:

  1. Staying overnight at Mena this day (from the
    sunset of the eighth day of the Dhul Hejjah until the near Fajr (dawn) of Arafa
    day appears).
    If you are performing Hajj Tamattu, go into the state of Ihram
    morning or noon from the place where you are staying in Makkah. It is good for
    you to purify yourself by bathing, perfuming and wearing a two –piece unstitched
    clean white garment. And then intend for Hajj and say: “labbaika Hajjan”. Which
    means: “I am here for Hajj”. Then you say “Labbaika Allahumma Labbaika, Labbaika
    la Shareeka laka labbaik, innal Hamda Wanni’mata Laka Wal Mulk, Laa Shareeka
    Lak”. Which means: “Here I am for Hajj- here I am, Oh Allah, here I am, there is
    no partner for you, Here I am! Surely, all praise and blessings are for you and
    dominion is yours. There is no partner for you”. For Qarin and Mufrid, they are
    still in their previous state of Ihram. They start directly Talbiyah “Labbaika
    Allahumma Labbaik…etc”. from the morning of the day.
  2. Leave for Mena in the morning and perform Dhuhr,
    Asr, Maghrib, Isha prayers (Dhuhr, Asr and Isha are each shortened to two Rakats
    (units) only but are not combined). Then perform Fajr prayer of the ninth day.
  3. Soon after the sun rises leave for Arafat.
Actions to be Done on the 9th Day of Dhul
Hejjah:

  1. The standing
    (wuqoof) in Arafat

    The
    standing (wuqoof) in Arafat is one of the most fundamental rites of Hajj and the
    prophet PBUH said:
    “al Hajj Arafah”. Which means: “Hajj is Arafah”.
    Its
    time:
    a) The best: from the afternoon till after the sunset.
    b) The
    permissible: from the dawn of the 9th day till the down of the 10th day. If you
    have spent even a few minutes in Arafat, your Hajj is correct. But if your
    attendance occurs before the sunset only, you are charged for a compensatory
    animal. Even these minutes take place after sunset, you are not charged with an
    expiation, but you have missed sleeping in Muzdalefah. In this case, you are
    charged for an animal for Muzdalefah and not for Arafat.

    • Soon after the sunrise, leave for
      Arafat and perform Dhuhr and Asr prayers (combined and shortened during the time
      of Dhuhr with one Athan/Adhan and two Iqaamahs – and stay there until the
      sunset. Invoke Allah as much as you can and it is from Sunnah to face Al-Qibla
      during supplication and not facing the Mountain of Arafat. It is preferred to
      say this supplication: “Laa ilaaha illaallahu Wahdahu laa Shareeka lahu- lahul
      mulku wa lahul hamd- Wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’en qadeer”. Which means: “There is
      no deity worthy of worship except Allah, the One without a partner. The domain
      and the praise are His, and He is powerful over everything”.

    • All of Arafat is a place for
      standing. Ascending the mountain of Arafat in not permitted. It is preferable to
      invoke much supplication. It is not necessary to keep standing or say under the
      sun, you are free to sit and to be sheltered.

  2. Leaving
    Arafat for Muzdalefah:

    a) When
    the sun has set, go to Muzdalefah. When reaching it, pray Maghrib and Isha
    (combined and shortening the Isha prayer to two Rak’ah with one Adhan and two
    Iqamahs) before reclining and collecting pebbles.

    b) Stay overnight in
    Muzdalefah to perform the prayer of Fajr (down prayer) and keep busy
    supplicating waiting for the brightness of the morning is widespread. (Sleeping
    in Muzdalefah is compulsory) but weak individuals and women are allowed to
    proceed to Mena at any time after midnight, after the moon has completely
    disappeared to avoid the crowd.

    c) Collect seven pebbles for stoning the
    Jamarat – ul Aqaba (a stone pillar in Mena). Any place you collect pebbles from
    is permissible.

    d) Leave for Mena before the sun
    rises.

Actions to be Done on the 10th Day of Dhul
Hejjah:

  1. It is preferable to make Du’aa after Fajr till
    the brightness of the morning is widespread.
  2. Leave for Mena to stone the Jamrat – ul –Aqabah
    (a stone pillar in Mena) and slaughter an animal or go to Makkah to perform
    Tawaf-ul –Efaadhah. But shaving can be done in any place.
  3. Stoning of Jamrat –ul –
    Aqabah:
    Stone the Jamrat –ul-Aqaba (it is the nearest one to Makkah)
    with seven consecutive pebbles glorifying Allah ” Allahu Akbar” which means:
    “Allah is the Greatest” as you throw each pebble.

  4. Slaughtering of
    Sacrifice:
    Slaughter the sacrificial animal (hady); eat some of it and
    distribute it among the needy. Slaughtering an animal is compulsory on Mutamatte
    and Qarin while for Mufrid it is preferred.

  5. Shaving the head or
    Trimming:
    Have your head shaved or trimmed but shaving is better. (a
    woman can cut a finger tip length of her hair).

    • If you have done
    stoning and shaving, you end the first phase of the state of Ihram (this is
    called the first Tahallul). It is also ok if you do two out of four e.g. stoning
    or shaving or Tawaaf and Sa’yi.
    (Slaughtering is not included because it is
    not compulsory for all pilgrims). If you do these four things completely with
    slaughtering (if it were compulsory), you end the second phase of the state of
    Ihram (this is called the second Tahallul).
    First Tahallul
    means:
    You can wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful
    before Ihram except physical contact with the spouse (with or without
    intercourse or kissing and so on).
    Second Tahallul means:
    Everything that you were prohibited from (by Ihram) has been allowed for you
    even women (sexual intercourse).

  6. Tawaaf–ul-Efaadhah:
    Go
    to Makkah and perform Tawaaf–ul–Efaadhah (Tawaaf al-Hajj). If you have removed
    Ihram, circle in clothes you wear.
  7. Perform Sa’yi of
    Hajj:
    If you are Mutamatte or Qarin and you did not perform the
    Sa’yi before with Tawaaf ul-Qudoom (the Tawaaf of Arrival), it is permissible to
    delay Tawaaf–ul–Efaadhah and the Sa’yi Hajj until the 13th day. But the state of
    Ihram can not be lifted without doing them.
  8. Sleeping the days of
    Tashreeq in Mena:

    (it is meant by sleeping here to spend the night –
    even a part f its time – in Mena whether awake or walking and it is not
    necessary to sleep).

Actions to
be Done on the 11th, 12th and 13th Days of Tashreeq:

  1. Stoning Jamarat during the
    days of Tashreeq:
    (The way of stoning): After the decline of the sun,
    throw pebbles at the three Jamrats, starting from the smaller one (the furthest
    one from Makkah), the medium one and the biggest alternatively. Throw seven
    pebbles at each Jamrat, glorifying Allah “Allahu Akbar” with each throw and
    perform much du’a (supplicate) with raised hands after the smallest and medium
    Jamrat and don’t stop after Jamrat–ul-Aqabah.

  2. Sleeping in Mena these
    days
    , as it is mentioned on the 10th day.

  3. If you complete stoning on the 12th, and
    you want to leave earlier, leave Mena before the sun sets. If the sun sets
    before you are able to depart, remain in Mena on the 13th day and stone the
    three Jamrats early afternoon of that day.

  4. Farewell
    Tawaaf:
    It is the final rite of Hajj.
    If you want to go to your
    country, circle the Kaaba seven times (Tawaaf al Wadaa) (farewell Tawaaf) in
    your clothes. And you have to leave Makkah.
    Otherwise if you stay, you have
    to repeat Tawaaf.
    (A menstruating woman or a woman having postnatal discharge
    would be exempted from Tawaaf al Wadaa).

Reminders:The Fundamental Rites of
Umrah:

  1. Entering the state of Ihram.
  2. The Tawaaf.
  3. The Sa’yi.

The Compulsory Acts of
Umrah:

  1. Wearing Ihram from Miqat.
  2. Shaving or Trimmning.

The Fundamental Rites of
Hajj:

  1. Entering the state of Ihram.
  2. Standing in Arafat.
  3. Tawaaf (Tawaaf-ul-Efaadhah).
  4. The Sa’yi (hasten between the hills of Safa and
    Marwah).

* Missing any of these pillars, his/her
Hajj will not be completed until he/her performs it.

 

The Compulsory Acts of
Hajj:

  1. Wearing Ihram from the
    Miqat.

  2. Spending a day at Arafat.

  3. Spending the night in
    Muzdalefah.

  4. Staying in Mena (the days of
    Tashreeq).

  5. Casting at the Jamarat.

  6. Shaving off head or shortening the
    hair.

  7. The Farewell
    Tawaaf.

For missing one of these compulsory
acts, one must offer a sacrifice of an animal, slaughtered in Haram area and
distributed among the poor and the needy of the Haram. He/She mustn’t eat from
it and his/her Hajj is correct. It is not permissible to leave any act on
purpose.

Things Forbidden
on a Person While in the State of Ihram:

  • Things forbidden on both men
    and women:

    1. Removing hair from any parts of
      one’s body.

    2. Trimming of nails.

    3. Using perfumes (avoid scented
      soap).

    4. Physical sexual contact with the
      spouse with or without intercourse.

    5. Wearing gloves.

    6. Hunting (land) animals.

    7. Contracting marriage or proposing
      for potential spouse, neither for you not for others.

  • Things forbidden on men; not
    women:

    1. Wearing of sewed clothes.

    2. Covering the man’s head with
      anything that touches the head (umbrellas are ok.)

  • Things
    forbidden on women only:
    Wearing veils with holes for the eyes
    (Niqab) or Burqa. The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face except if men not
    related to her might see her. In such case, it is obligatory for her to cover
    her face during Ihram and otherwise.

    Whoever performs any of
    these violations of Ihram due to forgetters, ignorance or by compulsion, he or
    she is not charged with expiation except hunting, here Fidyah (Kaffarah) is
    compulsory.

Visiting the Prophet’s
Mosque:

  1. It is Sunnah to go to Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah at
    any convenient time with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s Masjid (Mosque)
    and to pray in it as prayers performed in this Mosque are rewarded by a thousand
    folds over prayers observed in any other mosques save except the Sacred Mosque,
    according to Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH).
  2. It should be noted that there is neither Ihram or
    Talbiyah for visiting the prophet’s Mosque and no connection whatsoever between
    this visit and Hajj. If you perform Hajj without visiting the Prophet’s Mosque,
    your Hajj is correct.
  3. When you enter the Prophet’s Mosque, enter with
    your right foot first, saying in the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most
    Merciful and evoking blessing on His Prophet (PBUH) and Ask Allah to open the
    gates of His mercy for you. The recommended words for entering any mosque
    including the Prophet’s Mosque are: “Audhu billah – ila-dheem wa wajhi
    hil-kareem, wa sultanihil –qadeem mina Al-shaytan Al-Rajeem. Allaahumma Iftah li
    abwaba rahmatik”.
    Which means “I seek refuge in Allah the Al-mighty, and in
    His noble countenance and in His eternal power, from Satan the Rejected. Allah,
    open to me the doors of Your Mercy”.
  4. Perform two Rakats (units) of Tahiyyat Al-Masjid
    (the salaat of Greetings of the Mosque) If this prayer is in Rawdha (the space
    between the Prophet’s grave and his pulpit in his Masjid), it would be
    preferable or in any place in the Mosque.
  5. Then go to the tomb of the prophet (may peace and
    blessings be on him). Stand in front of it uttering politely with the low voice:
    “Assalamu ‘alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuku”, sallallahu
    alayka wa jazak an ummatika khair al-jaza”.
    Which means: “Peace be upon you,
    O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah, and call for the blessings of
    Allah on him. May Allah reward you on behalf of your Ummah (people) with the
    best of rewards”.
  6. Then step forward to your right hand to face the
    grave of Abu Baker and say: “Assalamu alaika ya aba Bakr Khalifata Rasul Allah
    Sallallahu Alayhi wa sallam warahmat Allah wabarakatuha. Radhi Allahu Anka
    wajazak an ummat Muhammad Khairan”.
    Which means: “peace be upon you O’ Abu
    Baker – the successor of the prophet PBUH. May Allah reward you on behalf of
    Mohammad’s people with the best rewards”.
  7. Then you go a wee bit further to the right to
    face the grave of Omar Bin Al –Khataab and say: “Assalamu alaika ya Umar – Amir
    Al Mumineen- warahmat Allah wabarakatuhu. Radhi Allah Anka wajazak an ummat
    Muhammad Khairan”.
    Which means: “May Allah bless upon you O’Omar- may Allah
    reward you on behalf of Mohammad’s people with the best rewards”.
  8. It is Sunnah to have (Taharah) ablution and visit
    Masjid of Quba and offer Salaat in it as the Prophet (PBUH) did so.
  9. It is also Sunnah to visit the graves of al-Baqi
    cemetery and the grave of Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) and the martyrs
    of the Battle of Uhud and the grave of Hamza (May Allah be pleased with him); to
    greet them and to pray for the mercy of Allah upon them where you say: “Assalamu
    alaikum ahlal-diyar minil-mumineen wal-muslimeen wa inna insha-Allah bikum
    lalaheqoon. Nasalal –Laha Lana wa lakumul-affiyah”.
    Which means : (Peace be
    upon you, O dweller of this place from among the believers and the Muslims, and
    we will in Shaa Allah join you. We ask Allah for security from the Fire of Hell
    for us and for you).

    Note:
    There are no other mosques or places in
    Madinah, which are to be visited. Therefore, do not burden yourself by visiting
    places for which there is no reward or for which, in fact, there might be some
    blame for doing so.
    By this, the hand book has been concluded.
    At the end,
    I ask Allah that this hand book to be of great benefit and make it with
    sincerity.

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