|Some Virtues of Hajj and Umrah
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “Umrah is an
expiation for the time between it and the previous ‘Umrah’ and an accepted Hajj
has no less a reward than Paradise”. (Narrated by al-Bukhari 1683, Muslim
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “He who performs
Hajj and does not speak obscenely or commit evil then he returns just as the day
his mother gave birth to him” (Narrated by Bukhaari, Ahmed, Nasai and Ibn Majah
from Abu Hurairah).
The Prophet (pbuh) said: “There is no day
on which Allah frees more of His slaves from Fire than the Day of Arafah.”
(Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin).
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked
which deed is the best? He said, “Belief in Allah and His messengers. He was
asked, then what? He said, Jihad for the sake of Allah. He was asked, then what?
He said, Hajj Mabrour (an accepted Hajj).” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari
|Types (Nusuk) of Hajj are
- Hajj Ifrad: The pilgrim
pronounces intention to perform only Hajj.
- Hajj Qiran: The pilgrim
pronounces niyyah (intention) of performing both Hajj and Umrah simultaneously
with the same Ihram and actions like Tawaaf and others. Or the pilgrim
pronounces Umrah first then adds intention of Hajj on it before starting Tawaaf.
Actions to be done by Mufrid and Qarin are the same, but Qarin is under an
obligation to offer an animal sacrifice while Mufrid is under no obligation to
- Hajj Tamattu: The pilgrim
pronounces intention to perform only Umrah during the Hajj months (Sahwwal,
Dhul-Qidah and the first eight days of Dhul-Hejjah). The pilgrim performs Umrah
and then abandons Ihram after Umrah. And all which was unlawful in the state of
Ihram is now lawful such as usual garments and intercourse with the spouse until
the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah arrives. On this day, the pilgrim pronounces intention
from the place of residence in Makkah for the performance of the rites of
(This type is the most recommended).
Method of Hajj
1-Start it From Al Meeqat:
(For a man): Take off all the stitched
garments to have a bath as you would do after sexual intercourse and perfume
your head and beard with the best oil you can find –there is no harm in what
remains of it after Ihram. Don’t perfume the Ihram garments.
Wear yourself from below the chest with
white fabric (izar) and drape another piece over your two shoulders (ridaa)
except in every Tawaaf, the right shoulder should be exposed.
(For a woman): Ihram is her customary
stitched garments. She avoids wearing perfume or the type of dress which
attracts attention. She isn’t abiden by a certain color.
Pray the prescribed
prayer if its stated time is on. And then offer two Rakats (Units) of prayer as
a Sunnah act of Ihram. (There is no harm if you don’t pray it).
you ride the car, intend the Nusuk and then say according to your Nusuk:
If you want to perform Umrah only, you say: “Labbaika Umrah” which means: I
intend to perform Umrah”.
2- If you want to perform Hajj only (Ifrad) you
say: “Labbaika Hajjan”. Which means: “I intend to perform Hajj”.
3- If you
want to perform Hajj and Umrah together in their actions, you say: “Labbaika
Omratan Mutamattean biha ilal-Hajj” which means: “I intend to perform Hajj and
4- If you want to perform Hajj and Umrah in the actions of Hajj
(Qiran), you say: “Labbaika Omratan wa Hajjan”.
There is no need to repeat
these utterences three times but only one time is enough.
1. Each Nusuk (type) has
its own benefit.
2. There are variances between them in intention, utterances
3. The best: Tamattu, then Ifrad, then Qiran.
4. For (Qiran):
A female pilgrim needs it if she wants her Ihram as Mutamatt’eh and she couldn’t
accomplish her Umrah incase her menses comes as well as for the one who comes
late and fears missing standing in Arafat;also, who is detained to enter the
Holy House for any reason.
If you fear that anything may detain you from
completing your rites due to sickness or regulation procedures, you can make
your intention conditioned in state of Ihram by saying:
which means: “O Allah my place is wherever you prevent
me”. But if you don’t fear any thing, it is not permitted to make your intention
conditioned. Its benefit is: If you are prevented by any obstacle, you are
excused legally to terminate your Ihram and return and you are not charged with
you start Talbiyah:
“Labbaika Allahumma, Labbaik, Labbaika laa
shareeka laka labbaik. Innal-Hamda wanni’mata laka wal mulk La shareeka
Which means: Here I am, O Allah, here I am, there is no partner for
you, Here I am! Surely, all praise and blessings are for you and dominion is
Yours. There is no partner for you.
A man raises his voice when saying it
and a woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her).
Talbiyah in groups are not permitted and each Muhrim makes Talbiyah alone and
continues saying it till he/she reaches the Holy House.
“Allahumma inni Urid-ul-Umrata fa yassirha li wataqabbalaha mini. Labbaika
Allahuma labbaik, Labbaika la shareeka laka labbaik, Innal-Hamda wanni’mata laka
wal mulk, La shareeka lak”.
Which means: “O Allah, I intend to perform
Umrah, so make it easy for me” Here I am for Umrah-here I am, oh Allah, here I
am, there is no partner for you, there I am! Surely, all praise and blessings
are for you, and dominion is yours. There is no partner for You. And
“Allahumma inni as’aluka ridhaka wal-Jannata waa’udhu bika min sakhatika
Which means: “O Allah! I beseech You grant me Your pleasure and
Paradise, and I seek your protection from Your Wrath and Hell-Fire”. Saying such
specific supplications is not necessary but you can say what you like. Also,
praying on the prophet (pbuh) is not mentioned in this place.
permissible on the way to glorify Allah “Allahu Akbar” whenever you mount a hill
and praise Allah whenever you descend in a valley.
Then you return to the
General Talbiyah “Labbaika Allahumma labbaik”…etc. until you reach the Sacred
|2- Go to the Holy Mosque for
- When you approach the Holy Mosque say: “Allahu
- Then cease Talbiyah and go to the Sacred
- When you enter the Sacred mosque, place your
right foot and say “Bismillah wasalat wasalam Ala Rasul Allah Allahuma Ighfir Li
Dhunoobi waftah li Abwaba Rahmateka”. Which means: “In the name of Allah. May
peace and blessings be upon Rasoolullah, O, Allah! Forgive my sins and open for
me the gates of Your mercy”. Or: “Aoudhu Biwajhika Al Azeem Wa Sultanika
Al-Qadeem min Al-Shaytanir rajeem”. Which means: “I seek refuge in Allah the
Al-mighty, and in His noble countenance and in His eternal power from Satan the
- Then head for the Hajr-Al-Aswad (the sacred Black
Stone) to start Tawaaf (circling it). Touch it with your right hand and kiss it.
If you can not kiss it, it is enough to touch it by your hand only. If you can’t
do so, touch it by a stick or another thing and don’t kiss it. If it is not
possible, make a sign towards it by your right hand without kissing it.
- You had better not push Mutamereen (visitors of
the Holy Mosque) and crowd to get it. Keep the Kaaba on you left side. In the
meantime, you should drape the upper cloth (Ridaa) over the left shoulder and
leave right shoulder exposed which is called in Arabic (Idtiba). And say
whenever you reach the Black Stone:
“Bismillahe wallahu Akbar”. Or “Allahu
Akbar” only. Which means: “In the name of Allah and Allah is the Greatest. ” or”
Allah is the Greatest”.
- Move quickly in the first three rounds (in case
it is easy. You may not to do so with the crowd); walk normally in the other
four. This is for Tawaaf-ul-qudoom only.
Supplicate and say between the two
Rukns (al-Rukn Al-Yamani and the Black Stone): “Rabbanaa atina fiddunyaa
hassanatan wa fil akhirati hassanatan wa qinaa adhaban-naar wa
adkhilnaal-jannata ma’al abrar, ya’Aziz ya Ghaffar ya Rabbal ‘alamin”. Which
means: “Our Rabb! Grant us good in this world and hasanah in the Hereafter and
protect us from the torment of the Fire.
Each time you pass the Black
Stone say: “Bismillah wallahu Akbar”. Which means: “In the name of Allah, Allah
is the Greatest”.
You can supplicate what you like during the rest of
Tawaaf. Invoke to Allah or recite some verses of the Holy Quran…etc. There is no
specific supplication for each round.
- Having completed the seven rounds, go to Maqam
Ibrahim (Ibrahim Station) and recite:
“Wattakhidhu min maqami Ibraheem
Which means: “And take the station of Ibrahim as a place of
worship” and perform two Rakats (units) behind the Maqam (close to it if
possible or at any place in the mosque). Recite after “Sura al-Fatihah” “Sura
al-Kafirun”. (say, “O disbelievers”, in the first Rakat (unit) and Surah
“Al-Fatiha and “Sura al-Ikhlas”: “He is Allah (who is) One” in the second Rakat
(unit). (There is no harm if you recite other Surahs).
- Go to Zamzam: Drink from it and praise Allah.
|3- Proceed to As Safa for
Ascend to As Safa hill until you face the
Ka’bah and raise your hands and glorify Allah (three times) and say:
ilaaha illaallahu wahdahu laa shareekalahu-lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu – wa huwa
‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer. Laa ilaaha illallahu wahdahu-anjaza wa’dahu wa
nasara abdahu wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu”. (three times). Which means: “there is
no God but Allah, He has no partner, Sovereignty belongs to Him and praise too,
He Fulfilled His promise, Helped His servant and routed the hosts, all
Then recite: “Inna as-safa wal-Marwata min
sha’airillah faman Hajj-al-baita awi’tamara falajunahha ‘alaihi an-yatawafa
bihima, waman tatawwa’a khairan fainnallaha Shaakeran ‘Alim.”
means: “Behold! Safa and Mahwah are among the symbols of Allah. Whoever visits
the Sacred House for pilgrimage or Umrah should walk to or fro between them. And
if anyone obeys his own impulse to good, be sure that Allah is He who recognizes
and knows” 2: 159. This verse is to be read at the first round only. It is
preferable to start with before any Dhikr, and you may supplicate to Allah the
way you like in this place and raise your hands.
Then descend towards Marwah till you reach
the green signpost. Then walk fast till you reach the next green signpost. Then
walk fast till you reach the next green signpost saying: “Rabbighfir warham
watajawaz ama ta’alam innaka antal a’azzul akram”
Lord forgive and have mercy, verily you are the Most Mighty and Most
Walk at a normal pace before and after them. (Walking fast is only
for men) (women are not permitted to run).
You may supplicate during Sa’yi
what you please and there is no specific supplication for each round.
you reach Marwah, do the same as you did in Safa except for reciting the above
mentioned Sura. It is to be read at the first round only. Repeat the lap seven
(Going from As-Safa to Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap).
|4- Shaving or Trimming:
- Upon completion the hasten (Sa’yi), have your
head shaved or trimmed but shaving is preferable. If your coming to Makkah is
very near to Al-Hajj period, in this case trimming is preferable in order to
shave your head in Hajj. (A woman can cut a finger –tip length of her hair).
Remove your Ihram and resume your
In this way, you have performed full Umrah; if you
want it separate or you want it for Hajj, in case you are Mutamatte But If you
are Mufrid for Hajj or Qarin, you intend Tawaf- ul-qudum- it is Sunna- and Sa’yi
for Hajj – is a fundamental rite-; keep in state of Ihram and don’t remove it.
Don’t shave or trim till the 8th of Dhul Hijjah to complete the rest of Hajj
|Actions to be Done on the 8th Day of Dhul
- Staying overnight at Mena this day (from the
sunset of the eighth day of the Dhul Hejjah until the near Fajr (dawn) of Arafa
If you are performing Hajj Tamattu, go into the state of Ihram
morning or noon from the place where you are staying in Makkah. It is good for
you to purify yourself by bathing, perfuming and wearing a two –piece unstitched
clean white garment. And then intend for Hajj and say: “labbaika Hajjan”. Which
means: “I am here for Hajj”. Then you say “Labbaika Allahumma Labbaika, Labbaika
la Shareeka laka labbaik, innal Hamda Wanni’mata Laka Wal Mulk, Laa Shareeka
Lak”. Which means: “Here I am for Hajj- here I am, Oh Allah, here I am, there is
no partner for you, Here I am! Surely, all praise and blessings are for you and
dominion is yours. There is no partner for you”. For Qarin and Mufrid, they are
still in their previous state of Ihram. They start directly Talbiyah “Labbaika
Allahumma Labbaik…etc”. from the morning of the day.
- Leave for Mena in the morning and perform Dhuhr,
Asr, Maghrib, Isha prayers (Dhuhr, Asr and Isha are each shortened to two Rakats
(units) only but are not combined). Then perform Fajr prayer of the ninth day.
- Soon after the sun rises leave for Arafat.
|Actions to be Done on the 9th Day of Dhul
(wuqoof) in Arafat
standing (wuqoof) in Arafat is one of the most fundamental rites of Hajj and the
prophet PBUH said:
“al Hajj Arafah”. Which means: “Hajj is Arafah”.
a) The best: from the afternoon till after the sunset.
permissible: from the dawn of the 9th day till the down of the 10th day. If you
have spent even a few minutes in Arafat, your Hajj is correct. But if your
attendance occurs before the sunset only, you are charged for a compensatory
animal. Even these minutes take place after sunset, you are not charged with an
expiation, but you have missed sleeping in Muzdalefah. In this case, you are
charged for an animal for Muzdalefah and not for Arafat.
Soon after the sunrise, leave for
Arafat and perform Dhuhr and Asr prayers (combined and shortened during the time
of Dhuhr with one Athan/Adhan and two Iqaamahs – and stay there until the
sunset. Invoke Allah as much as you can and it is from Sunnah to face Al-Qibla
during supplication and not facing the Mountain of Arafat. It is preferred to
say this supplication: “Laa ilaaha illaallahu Wahdahu laa Shareeka lahu- lahul
mulku wa lahul hamd- Wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shai’en qadeer”. Which means: “There is
no deity worthy of worship except Allah, the One without a partner. The domain
and the praise are His, and He is powerful over everything”.
All of Arafat is a place for
standing. Ascending the mountain of Arafat in not permitted. It is preferable to
invoke much supplication. It is not necessary to keep standing or say under the
sun, you are free to sit and to be sheltered.
Arafat for Muzdalefah:
the sun has set, go to Muzdalefah. When reaching it, pray Maghrib and Isha
(combined and shortening the Isha prayer to two Rak’ah with one Adhan and two
Iqamahs) before reclining and collecting pebbles.
b) Stay overnight in
Muzdalefah to perform the prayer of Fajr (down prayer) and keep busy
supplicating waiting for the brightness of the morning is widespread. (Sleeping
in Muzdalefah is compulsory) but weak individuals and women are allowed to
proceed to Mena at any time after midnight, after the moon has completely
disappeared to avoid the crowd.
c) Collect seven pebbles for stoning the
Jamarat – ul Aqaba (a stone pillar in Mena). Any place you collect pebbles from
d) Leave for Mena before the sun
|Actions to be Done on the 10th Day of Dhul
- It is preferable to make Du’aa after Fajr till
the brightness of the morning is widespread.
- Leave for Mena to stone the Jamrat – ul –Aqabah
(a stone pillar in Mena) and slaughter an animal or go to Makkah to perform
Tawaf-ul –Efaadhah. But shaving can be done in any place.
Stoning of Jamrat –ul –
Aqabah: Stone the Jamrat –ul-Aqaba (it is the nearest one to Makkah)
with seven consecutive pebbles glorifying Allah ” Allahu Akbar” which means:
“Allah is the Greatest” as you throw each pebble.
Sacrifice: Slaughter the sacrificial animal (hady); eat some of it and
distribute it among the needy. Slaughtering an animal is compulsory on Mutamatte
and Qarin while for Mufrid it is preferred.
Shaving the head or
Trimming: Have your head shaved or trimmed but shaving is better. (a
woman can cut a finger tip length of her hair).
• If you have done
stoning and shaving, you end the first phase of the state of Ihram (this is
called the first Tahallul). It is also ok if you do two out of four e.g. stoning
or shaving or Tawaaf and Sa’yi.
(Slaughtering is not included because it is
not compulsory for all pilgrims). If you do these four things completely with
slaughtering (if it were compulsory), you end the second phase of the state of
Ihram (this is called the second Tahallul).
means: You can wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful
before Ihram except physical contact with the spouse (with or without
intercourse or kissing and so on).
Second Tahallul means:
Everything that you were prohibited from (by Ihram) has been allowed for you
even women (sexual intercourse).
to Makkah and perform Tawaaf–ul–Efaadhah (Tawaaf al-Hajj). If you have removed
Ihram, circle in clothes you wear.
- Perform Sa’yi of
If you are Mutamatte or Qarin and you did not perform the
Sa’yi before with Tawaaf ul-Qudoom (the Tawaaf of Arrival), it is permissible to
delay Tawaaf–ul–Efaadhah and the Sa’yi Hajj until the 13th day. But the state of
Ihram can not be lifted without doing them.
Sleeping the days of
Tashreeq in Mena:
(it is meant by sleeping here to spend the night –
even a part f its time – in Mena whether awake or walking and it is not
necessary to sleep).
be Done on the 11th, 12th and 13th Days of Tashreeq:
Stoning Jamarat during the
days of Tashreeq: (The way of stoning): After the decline of the sun,
throw pebbles at the three Jamrats, starting from the smaller one (the furthest
one from Makkah), the medium one and the biggest alternatively. Throw seven
pebbles at each Jamrat, glorifying Allah “Allahu Akbar” with each throw and
perform much du’a (supplicate) with raised hands after the smallest and medium
Jamrat and don’t stop after Jamrat–ul-Aqabah.
Sleeping in Mena these
days, as it is mentioned on the 10th day.
If you complete stoning on the 12th, and
you want to leave earlier, leave Mena before the sun sets. If the sun sets
before you are able to depart, remain in Mena on the 13th day and stone the
three Jamrats early afternoon of that day.
It is the final rite of Hajj.
If you want to go to your
country, circle the Kaaba seven times (Tawaaf al Wadaa) (farewell Tawaaf) in
your clothes. And you have to leave Makkah.
Otherwise if you stay, you have
to repeat Tawaaf.
(A menstruating woman or a woman having postnatal discharge
would be exempted from Tawaaf al Wadaa).
|Reminders:The Fundamental Rites of
- Entering the state of Ihram.
- The Tawaaf.
- The Sa’yi.
The Compulsory Acts of
- Wearing Ihram from Miqat.
- Shaving or Trimmning.
The Fundamental Rites of
- Entering the state of Ihram.
- Standing in Arafat.
- Tawaaf (Tawaaf-ul-Efaadhah).
- The Sa’yi (hasten between the hills of Safa and
* Missing any of these pillars, his/her
Hajj will not be completed until he/her performs it.
The Compulsory Acts of
Wearing Ihram from the
Spending a day at Arafat.
Spending the night in
Staying in Mena (the days of
Casting at the Jamarat.
Shaving off head or shortening the
For missing one of these compulsory
acts, one must offer a sacrifice of an animal, slaughtered in Haram area and
distributed among the poor and the needy of the Haram. He/She mustn’t eat from
it and his/her Hajj is correct. It is not permissible to leave any act on
on a Person While in the State of Ihram:
Things forbidden on both men
Removing hair from any parts of
Trimming of nails.
Using perfumes (avoid scented
Physical sexual contact with the
spouse with or without intercourse.
Hunting (land) animals.
Contracting marriage or proposing
for potential spouse, neither for you not for others.
Things forbidden on men; not
Wearing of sewed clothes.
Covering the man’s head with
anything that touches the head (umbrellas are ok.)
forbidden on women only:
Wearing veils with holes for the eyes
(Niqab) or Burqa. The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face except if men not
related to her might see her. In such case, it is obligatory for her to cover
her face during Ihram and otherwise.
Whoever performs any of
these violations of Ihram due to forgetters, ignorance or by compulsion, he or
she is not charged with expiation except hunting, here Fidyah (Kaffarah) is
|Visiting the Prophet’s
- It is Sunnah to go to Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah at
any convenient time with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s Masjid (Mosque)
and to pray in it as prayers performed in this Mosque are rewarded by a thousand
folds over prayers observed in any other mosques save except the Sacred Mosque,
according to Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH).
- It should be noted that there is neither Ihram or
Talbiyah for visiting the prophet’s Mosque and no connection whatsoever between
this visit and Hajj. If you perform Hajj without visiting the Prophet’s Mosque,
your Hajj is correct.
- When you enter the Prophet’s Mosque, enter with
your right foot first, saying in the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most
Merciful and evoking blessing on His Prophet (PBUH) and Ask Allah to open the
gates of His mercy for you. The recommended words for entering any mosque
including the Prophet’s Mosque are: “Audhu billah – ila-dheem wa wajhi
hil-kareem, wa sultanihil –qadeem mina Al-shaytan Al-Rajeem. Allaahumma Iftah li
Which means “I seek refuge in Allah the Al-mighty, and in
His noble countenance and in His eternal power, from Satan the Rejected. Allah,
open to me the doors of Your Mercy”.
- Perform two Rakats (units) of Tahiyyat Al-Masjid
(the salaat of Greetings of the Mosque) If this prayer is in Rawdha (the space
between the Prophet’s grave and his pulpit in his Masjid), it would be
preferable or in any place in the Mosque.
- Then go to the tomb of the prophet (may peace and
blessings be on him). Stand in front of it uttering politely with the low voice:
“Assalamu ‘alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatu allahi wa barakatuku”, sallallahu
alayka wa jazak an ummatika khair al-jaza”.
Which means: “Peace be upon you,
O Prophet and the mercy and blessings of Allah, and call for the blessings of
Allah on him. May Allah reward you on behalf of your Ummah (people) with the
best of rewards”.
- Then step forward to your right hand to face the
grave of Abu Baker and say: “Assalamu alaika ya aba Bakr Khalifata Rasul Allah
Sallallahu Alayhi wa sallam warahmat Allah wabarakatuha. Radhi Allahu Anka
wajazak an ummat Muhammad Khairan”.
Which means: “peace be upon you O’ Abu
Baker – the successor of the prophet PBUH. May Allah reward you on behalf of
Mohammad’s people with the best rewards”.
- Then you go a wee bit further to the right to
face the grave of Omar Bin Al –Khataab and say: “Assalamu alaika ya Umar – Amir
Al Mumineen- warahmat Allah wabarakatuhu. Radhi Allah Anka wajazak an ummat
Which means: “May Allah bless upon you O’Omar- may Allah
reward you on behalf of Mohammad’s people with the best rewards”.
- It is Sunnah to have (Taharah) ablution and visit
Masjid of Quba and offer Salaat in it as the Prophet (PBUH) did so.
- It is also Sunnah to visit the graves of al-Baqi
cemetery and the grave of Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) and the martyrs
of the Battle of Uhud and the grave of Hamza (May Allah be pleased with him); to
greet them and to pray for the mercy of Allah upon them where you say: “Assalamu
alaikum ahlal-diyar minil-mumineen wal-muslimeen wa inna insha-Allah bikum
lalaheqoon. Nasalal –Laha Lana wa lakumul-affiyah”.
Which means : (Peace be
upon you, O dweller of this place from among the believers and the Muslims, and
we will in Shaa Allah join you. We ask Allah for security from the Fire of Hell
for us and for you).
There are no other mosques or places in
Madinah, which are to be visited. Therefore, do not burden yourself by visiting
places for which there is no reward or for which, in fact, there might be some
blame for doing so.
By this, the hand book has been concluded.
At the end,
I ask Allah that this hand book to be of great benefit and make it with